Kilder: forebygging av hjerte- og karsykdom med kosthold

Kilder:

  1. Nasjonalt råd for ernæring: «Kostråd for å fremme folkehelsen og forebygge kroniske sykdommer», utgitt i 2011: http://helsedirektoratet.no/publikasjoner/kostrad-for-a-fremme-folkehelsen-og-forebygge-kroniske-sykdommer/Publikasjoner/kostrad-for-a-fremme-folkehelsen-2011.pdf
  2. Craig, W. J. og Mangels, A. R. Position of the American Dietetic Association: vegetarian diets (2009) J.Am.Diet.Assoc. (109), 7, 1266-1282. http://www.vrg.org/nutrition/2009_ADA_position_paper.pdf
  3. Craig WJ. Nutrition concerns and health effects of vegetarian diets. Nutr Clin Pract. 2010 Dec;25(6):613-20. doi: 10.1177/0884533610385707. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21139125
  4. Craig WJ: Health effects of vegan diets. American Society for Nutrition. Am J Clin Nutr 2009, 89(5):1627S-1633S; http://ajcn.nutrition.org/content/89/5/1627S.abstract
  5. Fraser GE: Vegetarian diets: what do we know of their effects on common chronic diseases? Am J Clin Nutr 2009, 89(5):1607S-1612S; http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19321569
  6. Nordiske næringsstoffsanbefalinger NNR -2012 http://www.norden.org/sv/tema/nordic-nutrition-recommendation/
  7. Michael J. Orlich, Pramil N Singh, Joan Sabaté, Karen Jaceldo-Siegl, Jing Fan, Synnove Knutsen, W. Lawrence Beeson, Gary E. Fraser: Vegetarian Dietary Patterns and Mortality in Adventist Health Study 2. JAMA Intern Med. 2013;173(13):1230-1238. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2013.6473. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23836264
  8. Lars Thore Fadnes, først publisert på meatless.no (Kilder til L.T. Fadnes:  3) Craig WJ: Health effects of vegan diets. Am J Clin Nutr 2009, 89(5):1627S-1633S;  4) Craig WJ, Mangels AR: Position of the American Dietetic Association: vegetarian diets. J Am Diet Assoc 2009, 109(7):1266-1282; 6) Davis BC, Kris-Etherton PM: Achieving optimal essential fatty acid status in vegetarians: current knowledge and practical implications. Am J Clin Nutr 2003, 78(3 Suppl):640S-646S;  7) Sacks FM, Castelli WP, Donner A, Kass EH: Plasma lipids and lipoproteins in vegetarians and controls. N Engl J Med 1975, 292(22):1148-1151; 8) Sanders TA: Essential fatty acid requirements of vegetarians in pregnancy, lactation, and infancy. Am J Clin Nutr 1999, 70(3 Suppl):555S-559S; 9) Ornish D, Brown SE, Scherwitz LW, Billings JH, Armstrong WT, Ports TA, McLanahan SM, Kirkeeide RL, Brand RJ, Gould KL: Can lifestyle changes reverse coronary heart disease? The Lifestyle Heart Trial. Lancet 1990, 336(8708):129-133; 10) Appleby PN, Davey GK, Key TJ: Hypertension and blood pressure among meat eaters, fish eaters, vegetarians and vegans in EPIC-Oxford. Public Health Nutr 2002, 5(5):645-654;)
  9. Matvaretabellen 2014. Mattilsynet, Helsedirektoratet og Universitetet i Oslo. http://www.matvaretabellen.no
  10. Chen GC, Lv DB, Pang Z, Liu QF.: Red and processed meat consumption and risk of stroke: a meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2013 Jan;67(1):91-5. doi: 10.1038/ejcn.2012.180. Epub 2012 Nov 21. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23169473
  11. Kaluza J, Wolk A, Larsson SC. Red meat consumption and risk of stroke: a meta-analysis of prospective studies. Stroke. 2012 Oct;43(10):2556-60. Epub 2012 Jul 31. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22851546
  12. Micha R, Wallace SK, Mozaffarian D.: Red and processed meat consumption and risk of incident coronary heart disease, stroke, and diabetes mellitus: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Circulation. 2010 Jun 1;121(21):2271-83. doi: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.109.924977. Epub 2010 May 17. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20479151
  13. Helsedirektoratets nettside http://helsenorge.no/Helseogsunnhet/Sider/Mindre-transfett-i-norsk-mat.aspx
  14. Fats and fatty acids in human nutrition. Proceedings of the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Consultation. November 10-14, 2008. Geneva, Switzerland (2009) Ann.Nutr.Metab (55), 1-3, 5-300. http://www.fao.org/docrep/013/i1953e/i1953e00.pdf  og Diet, nutrition and the prevention of chronic diseases: report of a Joint WHO/FAO Expert Consultation (2003) World Health Organization. WHO technical report series ISSN/ISBN: 92-4-120916-x
  15. Nestel P.:Trans Fatty Acids: Are Its Cardiovascular Risks Fully Appreciated?Clin Ther. 2014 Mar 1;36(3):315-321. doi: 10.1016/j.clinthera.2014.01.020.
  16. Rajiv Chowdhury, Samantha Warnakula, Setor Kunutsor, Francesca Crowe, Heather A. Ward, Laura Johnson, Oscar H. Franco, Adam S. Butterworth, Nita G. Forouhi, Simon G. Thompson, Kay-Tee Khaw, Dariush Mozaffarian, John Danesh, E manuele Di Angelantonio; Association of Dietary, Circulating, and Supplement Fatty Acids With Coronary Risk A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Annals of Internal Medicine. 2014 Mar;160(6):398-406.  http://annals.org/article.aspx?articleid=1846638.
  17. Marianne U Jakobsen, Eilis J O’Reilly, Berit L Heitmann, Mark A Pereira, Katarina Bälter, Gary E Fraser, Uri Goldbourt, Göran Hallmans, Paul Knekt, Simin Liu, Pirjo Pietinen, Donna Spiegelman, June Stevens, Jarmo Virtamo, Walter C Willett, and Alberto Ascherio: Major types of dietary fat and risk of coronary heart disease: a pooled analysis of 11 cohort studies. First published February 11, 2009, doi: 10.3945/ajcn.2008.27124 Am J Clin Nutr May 2009 vol. 89 no. 5 1425-1432
  18. Fung, T. T., van Dam, R. M., Hankinson, S. E., Stampfer, M., Willett, W. C., og Hu, F. B. Low-carbohydrate diets and all-cause and cause-specific mortality: two cohort studies (2010) Ann.Intern.Med. (153), 5, 289-298. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20820038
  19. Sjogren, P., Becker, W., Warensjo, E., Olsson, E., Byberg, L., Gustafsson, I. B., Karlstrom, B., og Cederholm, T. Mediterranean and carbohydrate-restricted diets and mortality among elderly men: a cohort study in Sweden (2010) Am.J.Clin.Nutr. (92), 4, 967-974. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20826627
  20. Organisasjoner:  Fats and fatty acids in human nutrition. Proceedings of the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Consultation. November 10-14, 2008. Geneva, Switzerland (2009) Ann.Nutr.Metab (55), 1-3, 5-300. http://www.fao.org/docrep/013/i1953e/i1953e00.pdf  og Diet, nutrition and the prevention of chronic diseases: report of a Joint WHO/FAO Expert Consultation (2003) World Health Organization. WHO technical report series ISSN/ISBN: 92-4-120916-x
  21. AHA. Goldstein, L. B., Adams, R., Alberts, M. J., Appel, L. J., Brass, L. M., Bushnell, C. D., Culebras, A., DeGraba, T. J., Gorelick, P. B., Guyton, J. R., Hart, R. G., Howard, G., Kelly-Hayes, M., Nixon, J. V., og Sacco, R. L. Primary prevention of ischemic stroke: a guideline from the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association Stroke Council: cosponsored by the Atherosclerotic Peripheral Vascular Disease Interdisciplinary Working Group; Cardiovascular Nursing Council; Clinical Cardiology Council; Nutrition, PhysicalActivity, and Metabolism Council; and the Quality of Care and Outcomes ResearchInterdisciplinary Working Group (2006) Circulation (113), 24, e873-e923.
  22. National Health Service. Risk estimation and prevention of cardiovascular disease. A national clinical guideline (2007) Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network.
  23. Van Horn L., McCoin, M., Kris-Etherton, P. M., Burke, F., Carson, J. A., Champagne, C. M., Karmally, W., og Sikand, G. The evidence for dietary prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease (2008) J.Am.Diet.Assoc. (108), 2, 287-331.
  24. Scientific Opinion on Dietary Reference Values for Fats. European Food Safety Authority (EFSA). http://www.efsa.europa.eu/en/efsajournal/doc/s1461.pdf (2010)
  25. Food, nutrition, physical activity, and the prevention of cancer: a Global Perspective. Second expert report (2007) World Cancer Research Fund and American Institute for Cancer Research. ISSN/ISBN: 978-0-9722522-2-5 http://www.dietandcancerreport.org/cancer_resource_center/downloads/Second_Expert_Report_full.pdf
  26. ADA. Slavin, J. L. Position of the American Dietetic Association: health implications of dietary fiber (2008) J.Am.Diet.Assoc. (108), 10, 1716-1731.
  27. Mosca, L., Banka, C. L., Benjamin, E. J., Berra, K., Bushnell, C., Dolor, R. J., Ganiats, T. G., Gomes, A. S., Gornik, H. L., Gracia, C., Gulati, M., Haan, C. K., Judelson, D. R., Keenan, N.,Kelepouris, E., Michos, E. D., Newby, L. K., Oparil, S., Ouyang, P., Oz, M. C., Petitti, D., Pinn, V. W., Redberg, R. F., Scott, R., Sherif, K., Smith, S. C., Jr., Sopko, G., Steinhorn, R. H., Stone, N. J., Taubert, K. A., Todd, B. A., Urbina, E., og Wenger, N. K. Evidence-based guidelines for cardiovascular disease prevention in women: 2007 update (2007) Circulation (115), 11, 1481-1501.
  28. «Grunnleggende ernæringslære», Forfattere: Jan Ivar Pedersen, Hanne Müller, Anette Hjartåker, Sigmund A. Anderssen, Utgivelsesår: 2012, 460 sider, 2. utgave, Bokmål, ISBN/EAN: 9788205426566).